Four years after leaving power, Peronism is likely to return after the elections on Sunday 27 October. Alberto Fernandez, who is standing with former left-wing President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner (2007-2015), is widely favored in all the polls, facing the outgoing president, Mauricio Macri, whose catastrophic economic record limits the possibility of reelection.
Argentina (44 million inhabitants, including 33 million voters) went to the polls to elect its president and vice-president, but also half of the deputies (130 seats) and one third of the Senate (24 seats). ). They will also choose the governor of the province of Buenos Aires, a territory that includes a third of voters, and those of the provinces of north-west, La Rioja and Catamarca. Finally, the inhabitants of Buenos Aires will designate the head of government of the city.
It is enough to get 45% of the presidential vote to win in the first round, or more than 40% with a difference of ten points on the candidate who came in second place. In the event of a tie, a second round will take place on November 24th.
Who are the six presidential candidates?
Six candidates - all men - are competing for the presidential race. Two of them, Mauricio Macri and Alberto Fernandez, together account for nearly 85% of voting intentions.
- Mauricio Macri, the entrepreneur became president
The current president (60) is standing for re-election despite his poor economic and social record. President of the football club Boca Juniors and for eight years (2007-2015), head of government of the city of Buenos Aires, he failed to realize the promises of renewal that he wanted to embody when he came to power, while Peronism was worn out after the government of Nestor Kirchner (2003-2007) and the two consecutive terms of his wife, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner (2007-2015).
This engineer by training is the son of Franco Macri, a wealthy entrepreneur of Italian origin who headed until his death in March one of the largest economic groups in Argentina. Franco and Mauricio Macri were cited in the Panama Papers scandal as leaders of companies registered in tax havens.Article reserved for our subscribers Read also "Panama papers": in Argentina, President Mauricio Macri under pressure
Mauricio Macri comes to the presidency at the end of 2015 with his coalition "Cambiemos" (Change) - renamed today "Juntos por el Cambio" (Together for change) - which includes, among others, the Radical Party, a great traditional Argentine party. Initially very well received by the financial community, which is close, Mauricio Macri promises on his arrival in power a "rain of foreign investment" that will never fall. The president hopes today a miracle that would allow him to play a second round with Alberto Fernandez on November 24.