It was said to be life, made by a man and for a man, doomed to disappear with him. But the Fifth Republic held the shock. Drafted between 3 June 1958, the date of the law that mandates the government of General de Gaulle to establish a new Constitution, and 27 August 1958, when Michel Debré presents to the Council of State the draft drawn up by the Consultative Committee, the Constitution of the Fifth Republic will celebrate on 4 October a record of longevity: 65 years! Could the Fifth Republic last longer than previous republican regimes? Intuition whispered a negative answer.
One observation: the institutions of the Fifth Republic have changed much less than society itself. The France of 2023 differs from that of 1958 by the erasure of collective references in favor of individualism and consumerism. Integrative factors have weakened: loss of influence of political parties and trade unions, erasure of the Christian imprint
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